Method on Anaerobic Biogas Generation From Cow Dung and Water Hyacinth With Reference to Quality of Gas and it’s Effect on Public Surroundings

    (*) Corresponding Author


anaerobic, biogas, generation, cow dung, water hyacinth, quality, public surroundings


Under the right conditions, liquid manure will break down into biogas and a low-odor effluent. Biogas can be burned to produce heat, electricity, or both the anaerobically-digested manure, can be stored and applied to fields with significantly less odor than stored, untreated liquid manure. Anaerobic digestion does not reduce the volume or nutrient value of manure. If dilution water is added to the system, the volume of material to handle is increased.The following test can help you determine if anaerobic digestion is a viable option for your farm. If most of the following statements describe your farm, anaerobic digestion may be compatible with your operation.Manure is currently handled as a liquid. Very little bedding or frozen manure is handled and the manure in the handling system is free from high levels of copper sulfate and antibiotics.Odor control is a major concern.There is space on the farm to expand the manure handling system with the possibility for gravity flow from a barn to an anaerobic digester or from a digester to a manure storage.Someone on the farm has the interest, time, and technical skills to learn about the anaerobic digestion process, make repairs, and perform general maintenance on equipment.Resources are available to finance an anaerobic digestion system.Adhering to recommended safety practices is standard procedure on the farm.


Download data is not yet available.


"Anaerobic Digestion". NNFCC Renewable Fuels and Energy Factsheet. National Non-Food Crops Centre. Retrieved 22 November 2011.

^ Koyama, Tadashiro (1963). "Gaseous metabolism in lake sediments and paddy soils and the production of atmospheric methane and hydrogen". Journal of Geophysical Research. 68 (13): 3971–3973. Bibcode:1963JGR....68.3971K. doi:10.1029/JZ068i013p03971.

^ Pamatmat, Mario Macalalag; Bhagwat, Ashok M. (1973). "Anaerobic metabolism in Lake Washington sediments" (PDF). Limnology and Oceanography. 18 (4): 611–627. Bibcode:1973LimOc..18...611P. Doi:10.4319/lo.1973.18.4.0611. Archived from the original (PDF) on 16 December 2013.

^ Zehnder, Alexander J. B. (1978). "Ecology of methane formation". In Mitchell, Ralph (ed.). Water Pollution Microbiology. Vol. 2. New York: Wiley. pp. 349–376. ISBN 978-0-471-01902-2.

^ MacGregor, A. N.; Keeney, D.R. (1973). "Methane formation by lake sediments during in vitro incubations". Journal of the American Water Resources Association. 9 (6): 1153–1158. Bibcode:1973JAWRA...9.1153M. Doi:10.1111/j.1752-1688.1973.tb05854.x.

^ "Anaerobic digestion reference sheet" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 5 October 2011. Retrieved 25 October 2007.

^ Tabatabaei, Meisam (2010). "Importance of the methanogenic archaea populations in anaerobic wastewater treatments" (PDF). Process Biochemistry. 45 (8): 1214–1225. doi:10.1016/j.procbio.2010.05.017.

^ "Agricultural Biogas". Retrieved 8 November 2011.

^ "Jenbacher Gas Engines".

^ "Anaerobic Digestion Strategy and Action Plan" (PDF). Retrieved 19 January 2012.

^ "Jyllands-Posten". 29 December 2011. Retrieved 19 January 2012 – via Google Translate.

^ "AgSTAR Data and Trends". United States Environmental Protection Agency. 3 July 2019. Retrieved 18 October 2019.

^ "Evaluation of Opportunities for Converting Indigenous UK Wastes to Fuels and Energy" (Report). National Non-Food Crops Centre. NNFCC 09-012. Archived from the original on 20 July 2011.

^ Adapted from Beychok, M. (1967). Aqueous Wastes from Petroleum and Petrochemical Plants (First Ed.). John Wiley & Sons. LCCN 67019834.

^ Fergusen, T. & Mah, R. (2006) Methanogenic bacteria in Anaerobic digestion of biomass, p49

^ "The biogas plant". Retrieved 5 November 2007.

^ Anaerobic digestion Archived 5 October 2011 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved 19.08.07.

^ Sleat, R.; Mah, R. (2006). "Hydrolytic Bacteria". Anaerobic digestion of biomass. p. 15.

^ Boone, D.; Mah, R. (2006). Transitional bacteria in anaerobic digestion of biomass. p. 35.

^ "What is anaerobic digestion?" (PDF). Retrieved 24 October 2007.

^ "Anaerobic digestion". Archived from the original on 12 October 2007. Retrieved 24 October 2007.

^ "How It Works". Anaerobic Digester. Archived from the original on 11 October 2016. Retrieved 23 February 2016.

^ "Landfill Gas & Biogas Analyzers | Nova Gas". Nova Gas. Retrieved 23 February 2016.

^ A, Igoni Hilkia; Abowei, M. F. N.; Ayotamuno, M. J.; Eze, C. L. (16 January 2009). "Comparative Evaluation of Batch and Continuous Anaerobic Digesters in Biogas Production from Municipal Solid Waste using Mathematical Models". Agricultural Engineering International: CIGR Journal. ISSN 1682-1130.


^ "Low and High Solid Anaerobic Digestion Technology". Retrieved 23 February 2016.

^ "Anaerobic Digestion Systems". 2008. Retrieved 2 February 2016.

^ Archived 6 February 2012 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 10. Feb. 2012.

^ Anaerobic digestion Archived 13 June 2009 at the Wayback Machine, Retrieved 18.06.09.

^ BIOPAQ IC, Retrieved 19.08.07.

^ Biological processes with Biomar technology Archived 27 February 2014 at the Wayback Machine Retrieved 24.10.2012.

^ Song, Y.C.; Kwon, S.J.; Woo, J.H. (April 2004). "Mesophilic and thermophilic temperature co-phase anaerobic digestion compared with single-stage mesophilic- and thermophilic digestion of sewage sludge". Water Res. 38 (7): 1653–62.



How to Cite

Method on Anaerobic Biogas Generation From Cow Dung and Water Hyacinth With Reference to Quality of Gas and it’s Effect on Public Surroundings. (2022). Middle European Scientific Bulletin, 30, 186-195. Retrieved from