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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The text is single-spaced; uses a 12-point font; employs italics, rather than underlining (except with URL addresses); and all illustrations, figures, and tables are placed within the text at the appropriate points, rather than at the end.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Manuscript Preparation

1. Language

  • Papers can be written in English, French or Spanish.

2. Title

  • Title should be concise and informative.
  • If the manuscript is in a language other than English, It should include an English version of the title.
  • Try to avoid abbreviations, special characters, math and formulae where possible.

3. Author’s names and affiliations

  • The submitted article should include the name(s) and the affiliation(s) of the author(s).
  • Please:
    • Indicate the given name and family name clearly.
    • Present the authors' affiliation addresses (where the actual work was done) below the names.
    • Provide the full postal address of each affiliation, including the country name, and, if available, the e-mail address of each author.

 4. Corresponding author

  • Clearly indicate who is willing to handle correspondence at all stages of refereeing, publication and also post-publication.

 5. Abstract

  • Each manuscript must include an abstract in English of approximately 200-250 words.
  • It should be concise and factual.
  • It should have a structured form.
  • The abstract should state briefly the purpose of the research, the principal results and major conclusions.
  • An abstract is often presented separate from the article, so it must be able to stand alone.
  • References should be avoided in the abstract.
  • Do not use abbreviations, special characters, math and formulae in your abstract.

6. Keywords

  • Immediately after the abstract, provide a maximum of 8 keywords, avoiding general and plural terms and multiple concepts (avoid, for example, 'and', 'of').
  • Try to provide at least 5 keywords.
  • Key words should not repeat the title of the manuscript.

7. Subdivision of the article

  • Divide your article into clearly defined and numbered sections.
  • Subsections should be numbered 1, 2. (then 1.1, 1.1.1, 1.1.2), 1.2, etc.
  • The abstract is not included in section numbering.
  • Research works should be divided into background, material and methods, results, discussion, conclusions, references.



This unnumbered section is used to identify people who have aided the authors in accomplishing the work presented and to acknowledge sources of funding.


You can use [Zotero] a free, easy-to-use tool to help you collect, organize, and cite your research sources.

  • Citations in the text
    • Please ensure that every reference cited in the text is also present in the reference list (and vice versa).
    • Avoid citation in the abstract.
    • Citation of a reference as 'in press' implies that the item has been accepted for publication.
    • Citations in the text should be marked consecutively by Arab numbers in brackets (e.g. [1]).
    • When referring to a reference item, please simply use the reference number, as in [2].
    • Do not use “Ref. [3]” or “Reference [3]” except at the beginning of a sentence, e.g. “Reference [3] shows…”.
    • Multiple references are each numbered with separate brackets (e.g. [2], [6], [7], [8], [9]). 
  • Reference List
    • The heading of the References section must not be numbered.
    • Unpublished results should not be in the reference list, but may be mentioned in the text.
    • References should be presented in consecutive order (as they are referred to in the text).
    • Number the reference items consecutively in square brackets (e.g. [1]). 


Manuscripts should be submitted by one of the authors of the manuscript through the online manuscript submission system. Submissions by anyone other than one of the authors will not be accepted. If for some technical reason online submission is not successful, the author can submit the manuscript to [email protected]

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