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Fundamentals of Insulin Therapy in Patients with Type I Diabetes Mellitus

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Abstract

Diabetes mellitus: is a chronic endocrine disorder accompanied by elevated blood glucose levels due to an absolute or relative deficiency of the pancreatic hormone insulin, and/or due to a decrease in the sensitivity of target cells of the body to it. Glucose is the main source of energy in the human body. Basic bolus therapy is focused on pathophysiological changes and, with professional training and high-quality self-control, gives good results with sufficient flexibility in everyday life. All insulin analogues have advantages over human insulins in terms of treatment outcomes and patient safety. All types of insulin therapy in clinical practice can be carried out using simple schemes.

Abstract

Diabetes mellitus: is a chronic endocrine disorder accompanied by elevated blood glucose levels due to an absolute or relative deficiency of the pancreatic hormone insulin, and/or due to a decrease in the sensitivity of target cells of the body to it. Glucose is the main source of energy in the human body. Basic bolus therapy is focused on pathophysiological changes and, with professional training and high-quality self-control, gives good results with sufficient flexibility in everyday life. All insulin analogues have advantages over human insulins in terms of treatment outcomes and patient safety. All types of insulin therapy in clinical practice can be carried out using simple schemes.

Keywords

type 1 diabetes mellitus
insulin therapy
insulin analogues

Declarations

Conflict of Interest Statement

The author (s) declare that the research was conducted in the absence of any commercial or financial relationships that could be construed as a potential conflict of interest.

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Cite this article as:

Ahtamovna, Z. Z. . (2022). Fundamentals of Insulin Therapy in Patients with Type I Diabetes Mellitus. Middle European Scientific Bulletin, 25, 146-150. Retrieved from https://cejsr.academicjournal.io/index.php/journal/article/view/1371
  • Submitted
    14 June 2022
  • Revised
    14 June 2022
  • Published
    13 June 2022