Predictors of Burnout Common Mental Health Problems among Health Care Workers Managing Pmtct Patients in Secondary Health Facilities in Oyo State, Nigeria

    (*) Corresponding Author


Burnout, healthcare, HIV/ AIDS, Infections, workers


The experience of burnout is brought about by continuous exposure to stressors and failure of coping strategies leading to exhaustion. Burnout has detrimental effects to the service provider both physically and psychologically. Few studies have been conducted on stressors and burnout among healthcare workers in PMTCT centers and few steps are being taken by the administrators of the healthcare organizations to mitigate the effect this psychological distresstress on the healthcare workers. The study employed a descriptive cross-sectional study. The sample size was two hundred and eighty-one. A multistage sampling technique was adopted. Stage 1 used a purposive sampling technique to select secondary healthcare in Oyo state. Stage 2 involved the use of stratified proportionate sampling techniques to allocate 48%, 22%, 21%, 5% and 4% of questionnaires to Nurses, CHO, Doctors, Lab Scientist and SCHEW respectively. Stage 3 involved using a convenience sampling techniques to administer the questionnaire according to healthcare workers. Questionnaire was retrieved, coded and analyzed using SPSS version 23 and results were presented in tables.  Result showed that mean age of respondents was 32.9±6.04. Mean years in service was 8.06 ± 4.41. Majority (64.8%) had majorly been on day duty. Many (62.6%) respondents who were second line workers. Prominent among the common mental health problems suffered were Insomnia (42%) and headache (48%). About one-fifth (18.5%) were at risk of burnout. One-third (33.8%) experienced high stigmatization. 57.3% experienced on high workload. Interpersonal conflict rate at workplace was minimal. Major organization constraint was use of poor equipment. Demographic variables were associated with burnout (p<.05) and common mental health problem (p<.01). Burnout was majorly associated with Anxiety (p<.01), profession (p<.05), workload (p<.01). Common mental health problems was found to be associated with one another (p<.05). Though the workload decreases as service year increase, respondents majorly faced high workload which is a major predictor of burnout among respondents. It is therefore important that there is reduction in the workload and the shift duties be properly arranged to minimize the risk of burnouts and common mental health problems.


Download data is not yet available.


Ahola, K. Toppinen-Tanner S., and Seppänen J. (2017), “Interventions to alleviate burnout symptoms and to support return to work among employees with burnout: systematic review and meta -analysis,” Burnout Research, vol. 4, pp. 1–11.

Akintola O, Hlengwa WM, Dageid W. Perceived stress and burnout among volunteer caregivers working in AIDS care in South Africa. J Adv Nurs. 2013.

B. Bijari and A. Abassi, “Prevalence of burnout syndrome and associated factors among rural health workers (Behvarzes) in South Khorasan,” Iranian Red Crescent Medical Journal, vol. 18, no. 10, p. e25390, 2016.

Bianchi R. (2015). What is “severe burnout” and can its prevalence be assessed? Intensive Care Med. Burnout among direct-care workers in nursing homes: influences of organisational, workplace, interpersonal and personal characteristics (2018) Journal of Clinical Nursing, vol. 27, no. 19-20, pp. 3652–3665, 2018.

Chou L.P., Li C.Y., and Hu S.C. (2014). “Job stress and burnout in hospital employees: comparisons of different medical professions in a regional hospital in Taiwan,” BMJ Open, vol. 4, no. 2, article e004185, 2014.

Chou LP, Li CY, Hu SC. (2014) Job stress and burnout in hospital employees: comparisons of different medical professions in a regional hospital in Taiwan. BMJ open.

Coetzee SK, Klopper HC, Ellis SM, Aiken LH.(2013) A tale of two systems—nurses practice environment, well being, perceived quality of care and patient safety in private and public hospitals in South Africa: a questionnaire survey. International journal of nursing studies.

Da Silva RM, Goulart CT, Lopes LF, Serrano PM, Costa AL, de Azevedo GL. (2014) Hardy personality and burnout syndrome among nursing students in three Brazilian universities-an analytic study. BMC Nurs.

Ding Y, Yang Y, Yang X, Zhang T, Qiu X, He X, Wang W, Wang L, Sui H. (2015) The Mediating Role of Coping Style in the Relationship between Psychological Capital and Burnout among Chinese Nurses. PLoS One.

Dong X, Yang J., Peng L. Pang M., Zhang J., Zhang Z., Rao J. Wang H., Chen X (2016). HIV-related stigma and discrimination amongst healthcare providers in Guangzhou, China.

Dubale BW, Friedman LE, Chemali Z, Denninger JW, Mehta DH, Alem A. (2019). Systematic review of burnout among healthcare providers in sub-Saharan Africa.

Dugani S., Afari H., Hirschhorn L.R. (2018)., “Prevalence and factors associated with burnout among frontline primary health care providers in low- and middle-income countries: a systematic review,” Gates Open Research, vol. 2, article 4.

G. A. Cañadas-de la Fuente, C. Vargas, C. San Luis, I. García, G. R. Cañadas, and E. I. de la Fuente, (2013) “Risk factors and prevalence of burnout syndrome in the nursing profession,” International Journal of Nursing Studies, vol. 52, no. 1, pp. 240–249, 2015.

Gao T, Yuan H, Liu J, Ding M. Study on Mealth health stute and Infulence Factor of Medical Staff. Health Med Res Pract.

Gergen Barnett KA. (2017). In pursuit of the fourth aim in health care: The joy of practice.

Granich R, Crowley S, Vitoria M., (2010). Highly active antiretroviral treatment as prevention of HIV transmission: review of scientific evidence and update.

Grover S, Sahoo S, Bhalla A, Avasthi A. (2018). Psychological problems and burnout among medical professionals of a tertiary care hospital of North India: a cross-sectional study. Indian J Psychiatry.

Hert S.D. (2020). Burnout in Healthcare Workers: Prevalence, Impact and Preventative



How to Cite

Predictors of Burnout Common Mental Health Problems among Health Care Workers Managing Pmtct Patients in Secondary Health Facilities in Oyo State, Nigeria. (2022). Middle European Scientific Bulletin, 21, 88-98. Retrieved from