Vol. 14 (2021): July 2021

Psychological Encouragement for High School Students in Preparation for Online Learning During Covid-19

Folala Telaumbanua
Students of Mathematics Education Program, Postgraduate School
Hizkia Ronaldus Silalahi
Students of Mathematics Education Program, Postgraduate School
Jonathan Simanjuntak
Universitas HKBP Nommensen, Medan, Indonesia
Syaluddin Rezha Siregar
Universitas HKBP Nommensen, Medan, Indonesia
Maria Isadora Simangunsong
Universitas HKBP Nommensen, Medan, Indonesia
Simon Panjaitan
Universitas HKBP Nommensen, Medan, Indonesia
Agusmanto JB Hutauruk
Universitas HKBP Nommensen, Medan, Indonesia

Published 2021-07-21


  • Encouragement,
  • Online learning,
  • Psychological,
  • COVID-19

How to Cite

Telaumbanua, F. ., Silalahi, H. R. ., Simanjuntak, J. ., Siregar, S. R. ., Simangunsong, M. I. ., Panjaitan, S. ., & Hutauruk, A. J. . (2021). Psychological Encouragement for High School Students in Preparation for Online Learning During Covid-19. Middle European Scientific Bulletin, 14. https://doi.org/10.47494/mesb.2021.14.672


Psychosocial is commonly defined as referring to a relationship that is close in both psychological and social factors. Emotional and cognitive development, as well as social factors such as interpersonal relationships and the community in which a person lives all influence a person's psychological well-being. Psychosocial is focused on the interpersonal aspects that exist alongside psychological aspects (thoughts, emotions, and behavior) (social relations, traditions and culture). Initiated psychological encouragement (commonly referred to as DPA) is also known as PFA (PFA). Psychosocial encouragement is a type of DPA. DPA aims to reduce the detrimental effects of stress, to help individuals recover from disasters, and to assist in the process of their return to normal. A crisis situation is an ongoing (or expected) event that places people, groups, communities, or societies in an unstable and dangerous position, which then impacts those people, groups, or societies. There are both positive and negative impacts that teachers, students, and also parents have to face and deal with during a COVID-19 pandemic. Stress and pressure can arise naturally, for everyone, when someone is in an unpleasant/crisis situation. Emotional expressions, such as crying in children aged 0-3 years, or other non-adaptive behavior, such as aggressive or tantrums, are common indicators of stress in students (venting anger or excessive emotional outbursts at a certain age because there are unfulfilled wants or needs).


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